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Historical timeline of NYC
-Before the arrival of
Europeans, the island of Manhattan is inhabited by
Algonquin and Iroquoian Indians.
literally means island of the Hills.
-The first European
arrivals are the French, who land in 1524, during the
reign of King Francois I.
-In 1609, the British make their first appearance, with
Henri Hudson leading the way. It is from this famous
explorer that The Hudson River derives its name.
- During 1613-1614, the Dutchman Adriaen Block establishes
the first colony in the south of the Island.
- Later, in 1624, The Ducth West India Company is founded
-In 1626, its director,
Peter Minuit leases Manhattan from the Algonquians for
only 60 guilders! ($24)
- In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant becomes the General Director,
giving the colony its first municpal government.
-Peter Stuyvesant is forced to surrender in 1664. The
colony is controlled by the British, who decide to rename
it New York, after the Duke of York, brother of the King
In 1700, the citys' population is 4 000 residents and
mainly concentrated in the south. .
- 1776-1783 : Washington is beaten at the Long Island
battle. The British occupy New York for seven years,
until November 1783.
-In 1789, George Washington is elected the first
president of the United States, takes his oath of office
at the Federal Hall on Wall Street.
-Although the federal capital is Philadelphia, New York
with its extremely strong growth, becomes the most
important city in the United States during the
- 1811 : The Randell Plan divides the inhabited part of
Manhattan in 2028 ( rectangles ) into avenues and cross
- 1827 : New York abolishes slavery.
- 1840-1857 : The rate of German and Irish immigration
- 1857-1873 : Construction of Central Park
- 1870: Metropolitan Museum is founded, sparking a
cultural growth period for the city.
-The population exceeds 1 million persons in 1875. Wall
Street becomes the center of banking.
-Between 1880 and 1884,
some 2 million persons arrive in New York from Southern
and Eastern Europe. New York becomes the largest Jewish
community in the world..
- 1883 : Brooklyn Bridge is built on the East River.
-1886: Statute of Liberty is inaugurated and soon becomes
a worldwide symbol for the USA.
- 1898 : Creation of the Greater New York with the 5
boroughs becoming part of New York : Manhattan, Brooklyn,
The Bronx, Queens and Staten Island
- 1904 : The Subway system is introduced for the first
-1907 :Immigration levels reach their pinnacle, as
Italians and Irish pour into the city.
-1900-1914 : African American flock to Harlem
-1916 : Zoning Laws curtail the height of skycrapers.
-1921 : First laws passed that introduce fixed quotas for
-1919-1933 : Prohibition gives rise to a new type of
-24 October 1929 : Black Thursday ushers out the Roaring
20's in brutal fashion. This marks the onset of The Great
-During World War II, New York becomes the busiest
harbour in the world, reflecting staunch economic growth
-1946 After the Second World War, the United Nations
establish their Headquarters in Manhattan
-1950s : New waves of immigrants include Puerto Ricans
-New York's culture flourishes, and starts to replace
Paris as the epicenter of the international art scene.
- 1960s : Racial tensions in Harlem and in
Bedford-Stuyvesent grip the nation.
- 1965 : Malcom X is assassinated in Harlem
- 1970: First New York Marathon is run.
- 1973 : The World Trade Centre is built and soars even
higher than the Empire State Building
-1975: The city is very close to the bankruptcy and
obliges to get help from the Federal Government to assume
-1989 : David Dinkins is the first Black Mayor elected.
-1989-1993 : Economic crisis in New York sees almost 400
000 jobs lost, high level of criminality.
The racial tensions rise once again..
-1993 : The Republican Rudolph Guiliani is elected at the
head of the City Hall. This has been dominated by the
Democrats for the last 20 years.
-In 1994 the city is experiences a renewal and the crime
rate has drops considerably. New York reinvents itselfs
to become one of the safest cities in The United States.
-2000: The new Millenium
is welcomed in spectacular fashion, with some of the most
extravagant festivities ever seen.